After 1763 and the end of the 7 Years War, Acadians were allowed to return to Acadia... but without a return of their lands. Here's a sample of the document signed.
Watching "Book of Negros" ...
A story - like the one I wrote about the Acadians - that has not really been told as it could. Most of us in NS and NB assumed the large black population came up in the underground railroad.
No idea - it was never taught us - that thousands of black people came as free (wo)men with British as loyalists.
Including the family of my friend Myles Martin and Alma his sister (and Mom's eternal friends Mildred and Lil).
Myles was about the most popular guy in school - and was Valedictorian, although he wasn't the best of students. Sadly, he died young.
Myles' ancestors came up with the Loyalist soldiers...
"Sennacherib Martyn was a captain in Winslow's expedition to capture Fort Beausejour. He brought with him to Westmoreland Point, as slaves, a negro family, to whom he afterwards gave their freedom, and gave them also his name (now spelled Martin)."
(From THE CHIGNECTO ISTHMUS AND ITS FIRST SETTLERS BY HOWARD TRUEMAN 1902)
Recently, the Mount Allison Archives received the donation of a handwritten book documenting early and mid-twentieth century black life in Westmorland County, and recording details of the families who lived in the black neighbourhood of Green Hill, at Mount Whatley. The book was a gift of Clyde Gabriel of Amherst, a grandson of its keeper, Burton Martin (1877-1948), whose regional ties in turn can be traced to eighteenth century Westmorland. Mr. Gabriel’s donation presents a rare opportunity to consider what life was like for early black residents in this area.
Burton Martin was a direct descendent of Peter Martin (circa 1790 - 1851). In all probability, Peter was connected to the Martins mentioned in Howard Trueman’s The Chignecto Isthmus and Its First Settlers (1902). As Trueman wrote, “Sennacherib Martyn was a captain in Winslow's expedition to capture Fort Beausejour. He brought with him to Westmoreland Point, as slaves, a negro family, to whom he afterwards gave their freedom, and gave them also his name (now spelled Martin).” By his own account, Peter was born in the United States, almost a decade after Sennacherib’s death (circa 1782), arriving in British North America in 1798. Thus, it would seem he was either informally adopted by those the captain held as slaves, or acquired the last name by proximity.
hat tip to Elizabeth Yeoman
The Lost Treasure of New Brunswick by Noel Richards
Legends tell of $1,000,000 in gold buried on the lonely coast of New Brunswick in 1627, in a cove now known as Mill Cove.. Somewhere in the vicinity of the Petticodiac Valley near present-day Moncton, the French reputedly cached nine leather bags filled with gold coins. The French troops were being pursued in 1759 by the English in a bitter struggle for control of Acadia.
Previous treasure hunts including one conducted by the government, have failed to find any traces of the coins.. Major Studholm is believed to have buried an iron pot filled with gold coins, "...on the highest point of the range of hills," that walled the northern side of the valley 40 miles from St. John along the shores of the Kennebeccassis River near where the Millstream joined the river.
In December of 1812, the British brig-of-war Plumper struck the rocks near the entrance to Dipper Harbor with $200,000 in gold and silver coins on board. A portion of this treasure may have been buried on shore by the survivors, or by a later British expedition.
A hoard of $12,000 face value in uncirculated United States gold coins dated prior to 1870 lie buried in a box two feet square under three feet of soil near Prospect Hill close to St. John in New Brunswick Province, secreted by James McDermitt and Stephen Mowlray.
Legends say that in 1542, a pirate vessel laden with plunder moved up the St. John River into Swan Lake. Near a rocky point, the ship was moored and the chests of treasure moved ashore. The pirates excavated a pit near the top of a hill, placed the treasure into the hole and covered it over. They then sunk their vessel in the lake and headed overland to Boston. The estimated $7,000,000 treasure cache has never been recovered.
Around 1928, two men went to a lone bay about 200 miles from St. John's and landed on a sandy beach where, inside a bar of land, lies a pond. They dug down several feet and found an iron chest under an oak planking. Water filled the hole and they were unable to retrieve the treasure. The chest remains in the pit unrecovered..
In 1834, the Spanish ship Mantanee was wrecked at the northwestern corner of Baccalieu Island. The vessel carried 7,000 Spanish dollars on board..
On April 14, 1912, the White Star Liner Titanic sank after striking a submerged iceberg in latitude 41 degrees, 46 minutes north and 50 degrees, 14 minutes west longitude enroute from Southampton to New York. It carried, among other valuables, a very rich consignment of jewels. There was a total of $15,000,000 in the ship's safe when it went down 850 fathoms. The historical recovery of any artifacts or relics from this vessel would more than double the value of the cash aboard to the successful treasure hunter..
In 1758, the English frigate H.M.S. Tilbury was swept against a reef near Louisbourg and sank off the coast. The payship was forgotten until 1939 when some fishermen dragged up several gold sovereigns from the strait between Baleine and Scatari Island.. Gold coins can be found on the beaches around St. Esperit Island near Louisbourg, washed up from offshore wrecks.
The events of the 1700s and the Expulsion continued on in many ways for over two centuries after the Great Upheaval. When and where I grew up - New Brunswick - in the place where Tintamarre was based, there is and was a slim supply of education in French. Which may have been designed to eliminate the French culture in what was Acadia.
Only a few years after the "expulsion" new English towns sprung up on the very foundations on which Acadians had lived for over a century. And since, French Acadian children have been taught in English, I don't know but can suppose, to eliminate the French language.
The English planned their expulsion to spread the Acadians among English communities along the Atlantic Coast to have them assimilated. Many of the descendants of those who stayed behind (by fighting back and avoiding the Expulsion) were assimilated by not having access to education in French. This was not unique to Acadians - this was done around the world in places that were "recolonized". We can't determine if this later approach ended up being beneficial for the people or not. And we can't judge events centuries ago against today's values. But there's a pretty good chance if people knew what really happened back then that this Anglicization might not have occurred.
Ultimately the grand strategy to fully make old Acadia English failed. As of last week, New Brunswick celebrated the election of its second Acadian descended Premier. But the "history" website of Tintamarre as it was known then, barely mentions that it had been an Acadian village. It is time for Sackville, Amherst and Port Elgin to recognize and celebrate their Acadian heritage.
Includes both forts, both settlements and Location of Pont a Buot and Trading Post
The author says, modestly. This might well be the only time that anyone has sited and mapped all the structures in the geographic area of interest.
Map of Original Beaubassin Settlement
Map of Location of Pont a Buot and Route of English Expeditionary Force Siege on Beausejour
There has long been some controversy about Abbe LeLoutre's possible aboiteau on the Riv. Au Lac and Tintamarre River at Pointe de Buot. One historian suggests he built a drydock, which, by the preponderance of evidence is unlikely.
It is clear from the following aerial that the river was dyked to avoid flooding and farmlands were created. LeLoutre was awarded a fortune in gold bullion of build new churches and aboiteaux, and seeing as how Acadians did not end up with a navy, the simplest answer is likely the best one.
Copyright Brian Lloyd French 2013 - May be used for non-commerical purposes with appropriate link to this website
16-Jun Delaney June 16, 1755 Capture of forts Beauséjour and Gaspareau (the next day, June 17) by English forces.
25-Jun Bancroft June 25- Wednesday two men Ride horse by order of a Court Martial.
29-Jun Bancroft June 29- Sunday Parson Phillips Preachd fromose words ine 46ch of Isaiah, 8 verce, afternoon ine 5ch. 2d Book Corinth, and 11 verce also by a vessell which arrived hear from Boston we hearat our army was marchd for Crown point alsoat a fast was Proclaimed rououte Province to be kept on 3rd July.
30-Jun Bancroft June 30 was Dismiste from his Majesties Service one Ensign Willis for scandellously taking a snuff box from a gentleman ofe forte.
1-Jul Thomas July 1. I went to Fort Lawrence News from saint Jn°' that the French & Indian' had burnt thare Foart & Mouse' & that the Indian" ware for making a Peace with us & accordingly thay have Sent Two of thare men to Foart Cumberland.
2-Jul Thomas July 2nd in a Letter to Co Munkton Gov. Lawrence Returns usanks fore good service we had done him,e officers were desired to aquainte men wiit.
2-Jul Thomas July 2. Plesant Day.
3-Jul Bancroft July 3d Two men whipt for Stealling.
3-Jul Thomas July 3. it is Concluded y' we Don': to Saint Jn'" at Present without Further order'.
3-Jul Delaney July 3, 1755 Acadian representatives go to Halifax, but all refuse to take an unconditional oath of allegiance.
4-Jul Bancroft July 4one man whipt. Alsois nightare was a considerable mutiny bye men be(ing) deniedare Rum
4-Jul Thomas July 4. Cap' Adams Sent to Pisquate & So to Hallefax for order' from Govern'' Lawrence this Cap' Adams Comand' the Rowe Galley which Formerly belonged to Col. Goram.
5-Jul Thomas July 5. Plesant Day this Evening thare is a Great Disturbance In Camp among the People by Reason of thare Not having there allowance of Rum Several ware Comited to Guard for words tending to mnteny.
6-Jul Bancroft Sunday Parson Philips Preached fromose words Ecclesiastes Ye 6, ch. 11 and 12 verces afternoon from ye 11 chap of The same Book and 9 verce.
6-Jul Thomas July 6. m'' Philip' Preached all Day on the Perade I dined with Cap': Baley major Goldthwait Cap' willard Cap' Speakman Doc' Kast & my Self ware Chosen to Settle Sum Diferenc' that arose Between Cap': Nathan Adams & Oliver Noyse which we Did P:m:
7-Jul Thomas July 7. I was on a Coart marshal for the Tryal of those Solder' which w^are Confined for being Mutineers on theaccount of the Rum we awarded one to be whiped 3 to Ride the Mors & the other' to be acjuited.
8-Jul Bancroft July 8- Tuesday 2 men ware shipt and 3 Ride wooden horse which was taken ine mutiny before mentioned.
8-Jul Thomas July 8. Half after 5 A:in: I marched with major Prible Cap' Stevens Leiv': Herrick m' Philips Two Regular officer' with a Party of 50 men from the^ Camp to Foart Gauspereu we marched 9 mile' then Halted at a Large Brige Refreshed our Selves at a French House Near the River than marched to a vilege at y'' Bay of vert Refreshed our Stilve' at one Jaco morel' House who is one of the Principle Inhabitan' of y' vilige this was about 11 Clock A:m: then we Passe over a Cassway one & Half of mile In Lenth Came to the" Foart Gauspeau it is Situated on a Point of Land which Run' Down to the Bay it is Near 10 Leagues from the Island of saint Jn"' by the" French aeount this Chop of the Bay abounds witli Clams Oyster' Lobster' Ells Macrell &c & in Sum Season' of the thear with all Sort' of Sea Fowl Geeace Brant' Swan' In very Great Plenty the timbe'' on the Land Cheifly Fyr Cap' Cobb at Present Coraani? tbis Foart witli Cap' Jones & 180 men tbe Foart is Built with Picket^ 4 Blockhouse' one in Each Corne' of the Foart the whole Ground y' it Contain' is 190 Feet Square a Store House & Barrack" for 200 men.
9-Jul Thomas July 9. Plesant Day about 8 Clock A:m: I amputated a Legg for one will™: Thairs Belonging to Cap' Cobb Company his Native Place was Brantrey after the operation was over all the Gentellmen & Party y' Came with me Returned to the^ Camp I Remained at the Foart in order to take Care of the man who had his Limb amputated Cap' Cobb & I went to the vilige about 7 of the Clock In the^ Evening to See a French woman Sick Returned to y'' Foart at 9 Clock.
10-Jul Thomas July 10. Rainy wind N:E: I went to fhe vilige again P:m: to visit Sum French y': ware Sick.
11-Jul Bancroft July 11- Fryday 3 men ware whipt for stealling, also by a gun accidentally fired a man was shotroe one ancle by which his leg was cut off and Like wiseroee other leg. I would also remarkat we had 2 Indians died yesterday.
11-Jul Thomas July 11. wind S:w: I Dressed will"^ Thair's Stump which T Amputated theDay before thesterday it Appear' very virell & In a hopefull way.
12-Jul Thomas July 12. Plsant Day this Day Doc' whitworth Kast French well & Veal Hold a Consultation on a man wounded in theFeet & Take of one of his Legg^ at Camp he Belong' to Cap' Lampsoa his Name is Allen & Came from Conicticut.
13-Jul July 13- Sunday Parson Philips Preacht from 15 ch Proverbs & 21 st Verce Afternoon Psalms cxxxlll 1 Verce.
13-Jul Thomas July 13. Plesant Day I Came from Gauspereau A:m: Left the Cair of the Sick with Doc' Nthe Leiv' willson Came with 16 men to Girard me to the Camp we Rode 2 Horses Belonging to Jaco molis [?] we Got to Camp P:m: went to mass A:m: at the" Bay of vert.
13-Jul Delaney July 13, 1755 The lieutenant governor, Charles Lawrence, in a letter to Lt. Col. Robert Monckton, suggests the deportation of the Acadians of Chignectou.
14-Jul Thomas July 14. Hot Day I went to Foart Lawrance Dined at Cap': Cobb Returned to the Camp P:m:
14-Jul Delaney July 14, 1755 Lawrence consults with officers of the British Navy in order to plan the deportation of the Acadians.
15-Jul Thomas July 15. wind S:w: Plesant.
15-Jul Delaney July 15, 1755 Lawrence and his Council decide to deport the Acadians if they refuse a final offer to take an unconditional oath of allegiance.
16-Jul Thomas July 16. wind S:w: Blows very Hard.
16-Jul Delaney July 16, 1755 Meeting of the inhabitants of Port Royal to discuss the reply to Lawrence concerning the unconditional oath of allegiance.
17-Jul Thomas July 17. Hot Day Nothing very Remarkble.
17-Jul Thomas July 18. we Drawed of a N°: of men to Send Home Such as Livalids.
19-Jul Thomas July 19. Plesant warm Day.
20-Jul Bancroft July 20- Sunday Parson Philips Pt from 24 ch Matthew 12V afternoon from 1 ch ofe same Book frome 16 to 20 Verce. Nothing more remarkable
23-Jul Bancroft July 23rd Wednesday at night ware mustered by a false alarme centraysinkingey espied Indians. Also a man was whipt 50 lashes for Stealling
20-Jul Thomas July 20. Very Hot m"" Philips Preached all Day.
21-Jul Thomas July 21. Plesant Day.
22-Jul Thomas July 22. Doc' march & I went to Gauspreau to visit y'' Sick thare we took a Party of 13 men with us a Guard we arvd thar 6: Clock P:m:
22-Jul Delaney July 22, 1755 Meeting of the inhabitants of the villages of Grand-Pré, Pisiguit and Cobeguit to discuss a reply to Lawrence’s demand that the Acadians take an unconditional oath of allegiance.
23-Jul Thomas July 23. Rany Last Night Doc' march & I Came to Camp P:m: from Gauspreau.
24-Jul Bancroft July 24 last night as a nobre of our men ware coming from forte Lawrence one of em must need bye block house and was beset by about 50 Indians which shot at him and wounded his hand. But he continued fireing atem getting behinde Dykes and beatem off and made his escape as he relatese story whereupon a party of 50 men ware sent out. But coold make no Discovery ofe enemy and afterwardse Doctr, Dressing his wounds Perceived his hand to be burnt wiPowder which makes it apear to bee Story of a man Drunk.
24-Jul Thomas July 24. Plesant Day I went to Foart Lawrence Dined at Doc' Tyler^ Suped at m' aliens.
25-Jul Thomas July 25. I Lodged at Foart Lawrance Leu': willson Came from Gauspereau Brings an account y' one of Cap' Cobb men ware Killed Passing from the^ Foart to y'' vilige on his Hors he & his Ilors ware both Killed his Name was whitcum he Came from Hardwike Colonol Munckton ordered major Brown out with 200 men to Gauspereau to Inquire Into the Affiiir.
25-Jul Delaney July 2528, 1755 Before the Council in Halifax, some one hundred representatives of the different Acadian communities (Port Royal, Rivière-aux-Canards, Grand-Pré refuse to take the unconditional oath of allegiance and Pigiguit)and are imprisoned on Georges Island.
25-Jul Bancroft July 25 We are informed from Gasperoeate Indians have very  Barbarously killd a manareat belongd to Capt Cobb. A party of 200 men are marchtence comanded by Majr. Brown 93is day. Also a manis Day was whipt 20 lashes.
26-Jul Thomas July 26. Plesant Day.
26-Jul Bancroft July 26Doctr Whitewora soldierat belonged to Capt Adams for which He was forst to pay sum acknowledgement. Alsois day was taken Serjt Flemingat had Deserted sum Days ago.
26-Jul Bancroft Sunday Parson Philips preacht from Numbers 23 d & 10 . Afternoon from Mathew xxlll V 28 .
26-Jul Bancroft Sarjt Moses Brewer had a Commission for His Valour in takinge first french Prisoner.
27-Jul Thomas July 27. Plesant m*^ Philip' Preached all Day maj Bourn Returned to Camp & Suposes y'' man afforementioned was Killed by theIndians from the Island of saint John'.
28-Jul Thomas July 28. very Hot Colonol munckton views the Invaledes y' thay may be Sent Home to New England.
29-Jul Delaney July 28, 1755 Lawrence and the Council decide to deport the Acadians and to retain transport ships to this effect.
29-Jul Bancroft July 29. A man whipt 20 lashes. Alsois Day we sent home sum of our sick men.
29-Jul Thomas July 29. Nonthing very Remarkable.
30-Jul Thomas July 30. wind S:w: Blow Hard.
31-Jul Thomas July 31. we have order' to Prepar'^ to move our Camp' to whare our Trenches ware.
31-Jul Delaney July 31, 1755 Lawrence announces the order to arrest Acadians in order to “purge the province of and Pigiguit) these dangerous subjects”. He gives instructions to Lt. Col. Monkton for their deportation.
1-Aug Bancroft July 31st . We ware alarmed by our centrays fireing but we found no enemy.
1-Aug Bancroft Aug 1st Fryday We had orders and removed our tents from our first camps and Pitchd in about a half mile of Forte Cumberland.
1-Aug Thomas Aug 1. WG Struck our Tout" & moved them toyTIace wluiro our Trcnclie' ware & Pitched theui.
1-Aug Delaney August 1, 1755 Col. John Winslow orders the arrest of the three remaining priests in English Acadia (Nova Scotia), l’abbé Claude Jean-Baptiste Chauvreulx, pastor of Grand-Pré, l’abbé Le Maire, pastor of Rivière-aux-Canards, l’abbé Henri Daudin, pastor of Port-Royal.
2-Aug Bancroft Aug 2 nd A Man whipt 20 lashes and Sergt Malcomb Brock for be Drunk upon Guard Sunday
2-Aug Thomas Aug 2. Built a Logg Tent & Coverd the Ruff with ou"" Cloth one at the Trenclle^
3-Aug Bancroft Aug 3 Parson Philips from Jeramiah 17 & 27
3-Aug Thomas Aug 3. m' Philip' Preached all Day at the Camp we sent 80 Invaledes ou Board the vesel In order to Go to N:E: Two of them out of our Company.
4-Aug Thomas Aug 4. Plesant Sum Rain Last Night.
4-Aug Thomas Aug 5. Nothing Remarkable.
5-Aug Bancroft Aug 5 A man whipt 20 lashes for selling his Provision for rum and getting Drunk
6-Aug Bancroft Aug 6 A party of 100 men commanded by Capt Lewis Marcht for Cobegit
6-Aug Thomas Aug 6. A''ery windy & Dry watha"".
7-Aug Thomas Aug 7. Order'* Come for Colonel winslow to be in Redyness to Imbark with 4 Companys for menis.
7-Aug Bancroft Aug 7 A man whipt 20 lashes Ordersat Co Winslows Capt Adamses Hobbses and Osgodds companys be in Rediness to Imbark at a minuts warning
8-Aug Bancroft Aug 8A french shellop 108 coming downe river war brought too by fireing two cannon frome forte
8-Aug Thomas Aug 8. Hot Day I went to Foart Lawrance Settled with m'' Joshua winslow the^ accomp* of the Company from the 10 of Apriel to y'' 14 of August & Reed the mony for to Pay them our Invaled'* Sailed for New England.
8-Aug Delaney August 8, 1755 Lawrence writes to Monckton that the ships destined to transport the Acadians will arrive soon.
9-Aug Thomas Aug 9. Very llot Day I Paid of the Company.
9-Aug Delaney August 9, 1755 At Chignectou, Lt. Col. Monckton begins the rounding up of Acadian men.
10-Aug Bancroft Aug 10 Came intoe forte between 4 and 500 French and was made Prisonersare. Their lands and stock became forfeted toe King. This day Parson Philips preacht ect.
10-Aug Thomas Aug 10. very Hot Several of the Inhabitant^ Come to the Foart by Colonol Muncton' order^ Cap' Cobb Sailed with 30 of our Solder' to Sheperdy In order to See the motion of the Enemy thare.
11-Aug Bancroft Aug 11Munday A large Detachment of men went overe River to Westcok and Tantremer andose Villages in Sarch ofe frenchat had not come in. They were commanded by Majr Proble —ey Returned on Wednesday ye 13and Brought withem nine Prisoners
11-Aug Thomas Aug 11. Colonol Muncton Got 250 of the Inhabitant* Into Foart Cumberland & Confined them major Bourn with 150 men Gaurded the Greater Part of them to P'oart Lawrance whare thay are Confined major Prible with 200 men was ordered to Tantamar Cap': Perey with 100 men ware ordered to Point abute & Olake In order to Bring in what thay Could Find Cap' Osgood Took a Smal Party as thay ware Driveing of thare Cattle & lirought them to the Camp Cap' Lues of the Ranger' marched this morning with a Party of our men to Cobigate Ramshak & Sum other vilige' 150 mile'* Distant.
11-Aug Delaney August 11, 1755 Lawrence in a letter to the governors of the English colonies in America announces his intention to deport the Acadians.
11-Aug Delaney August 11, 1755 (Monday) Arrest of 400 men from Chignectou, inhabitants of Tintamarre, Wescock, Aulac, Baie-Verte, Beauséjour and other adjacent areas, at Fort Cumberland (Beauséjour). Monckton announces that they will be deported and that all their livestock will be confiscated by the crown. They are imprisoned at Fort Cumberland; 150 are sent to Fort Lawrence. Charles Lawrence gives deportation instructions to Col. John Winslow at Grand Pré, to Capt. Alexander Murray at Fort Edward (Pigiguit) and to Maj. John Handfield at Annapolis Royal. Lawrence orders these commanders to burn the Acadian houses and to destroy the means of subsistance of those among the Acadians who succeed in escaping the deportation.
12-Aug Delaney Aug 12. Cap' Joseph Goram Came here from Pisquate with two whale Boat' Bring us the New' of General Bradock Defeat att the^ Ohio y' he is Killed & his whole armey Put to the^ Rout.
12-Aug Delaney August 12, 1755 Arrest of eleven Acadians at Aulac and three others near Wescock , all of whom are brought to Fort Cumberland.
13-Aug Thomas Aug 13. Colonol winslow has Orders to Imbark as Soone as Posible with 4 Company' for Pisquate.
13-Aug Thomas Aug 14. Colonol winslow marclie' with Cap' Adams Hobb' & Osgood P:m: & as he Passes by Foart Cumberland Colonol Muncton Send' m"^ Muncreef & Take' his Standard from m"" Gay as thay ware on the march then he marche' on to the River INIasaquash Passes the River with his Bagage & thay all Incamped Nigh the vesels y' ware to Recive them.
14-Aug Delaney August 14, 1755 Winslow, with 300 men, goes to Grand-Pré to supervise the deportation of the Acadians of this region.
14-Aug Bancroft Aug 14Thursday 1755 we had orders to march wiour tents and bagage to Forte Lawrence in order to Imbark for Pisquit four Companys (viz)e Cols Capt Adamses Hobbeses & Osgoodsis evening
14-Aug Bancroft we Pitched our tents at Forte Lawrence where we taried till Saterday Aug 16en Imbarked on Boarde Stoop York Nathl Preble Master we wayed anchor at 6 oclock ine afternoon wia Pleasant Gail we arived at Pisquit Munday morning ye 18 at 7 oclock we went on shore Refreshed and Regailed ourselves till eventideen we reimbarkt and sailed for Mines where we arrivede next morning and marcht toire Mass house took possession and Hoisted an English Flagge Col Gave Orders toe Soldiers not to take anything frome french not so much as a fowl Afterwards he entertained his Officers wia Good Dinner.
14-Aug Bancroft After Dinere Co[l] sent for sum ofe head ofe french to take suchings out ofeir Mass house as was sacred for his soldiers must Lodge in it whichey did without objection NB from Chignecto to Pisquit is 36 Leags from Pisquit to Mines Back is 5 leags.
14-Aug Bancroft I left my Kinsman roe Ate point of Deat Chignecto and hear he soon expired We now began to Live like men we had fresh provision and Coold get Green Sauce for our People and we begun to Conceit ourselves almost home.
15-Aug Thomas Aug 15. Plesant Day Colonol winslow put his Bagage on Board of Cap' Adam' the Rowe Galley Cap' Adam' & Hoob' on Board of Cap': Ilodgkin' Cap': Osgood on Board of Cap' Prible' Cap': Jones Came in from Gauspereau Brings us an accoun' y' Sum of the Party which marched from us to Cobigate & Ramshak had arived to Gauspereau with 2 vesels which thay Had Taken from y''' French In a Harbour as thay ware bound for Luesburge with Cattle & Sheap.
15-Aug Delaney August 15, 1755 Arrest of the Acadians of Tatmagouche and reading of the order of deportation.
16-Aug Thomas Aug 16. Cap' M'': Cowen Arived from Boston Bacon & Dogget Sailed for Boston Colonol winslow & Party for Pisquate.
16-Aug Delaney August 16, 1755 British troops return from Remshec, where they destroyed twelve buildings and captured three Acadian families. Other buildings are burned in the Tatmagouche area on the same day and the following day, August 17.
16-Aug Thomas Aug 17. Cold & Showery Order Came for us to move our Camp up Near Foart Cumberland we Sent the men to Level the Ground.
18-Aug Thomas Aug 18. we Moved our Camp & Pitched Near Foart Cumberland Ensign Goram Returned to Camp from Gauspereau he is one who went to Ramshack with Caj)' Lues & he was Sent in with the veseP y': ware taken from the French & Sent to Gauspereau.
19-Aug Thomas Aug 19. I Built my Tent with Logg' &c.
19-Aug Delaney August 19, 1755 Winslow orders the Acadian delegates and notables of Grand-Pré to gather at the church of Saint-Charles des Mines in Grand-Pré the following day at 9:00.
20-Aug Thomas Aug 20. Nothing Kemaikble.
20-Aug Delaney August 20, 1755 Winslow meets with the delegates and important inhabitants in the church of Grand-Pré and orders them to supply his soldiers. Eight transport ships arrive in Chignectou to deport the Acadians of this region.
21-Aug Bancroft Aug 21 Thirsday our men was set to work a getting and setting up Piziquits in order for a Garison it was Laid out to Enclosee Mass house and ye two Dwelling houses it was 117 rods in Lengand nine rods in Bredth.
21-Aug Thomas Aug 21. the Syren Cap' Proba Arived herefrom Ilallefax with 7 Transport' under her Convoy In order to Cary the French Inhabitant^ of Cap' Gay arived from Boston In Go hour* Pasage.
21-Aug Delaney August 21, 1755 The ship escort Syren arrives with seven transports to remove the inhabitants.
22-Aug Winslow August 22nd 1755 I embarked on the sixteenth with three hundred and thirteen men, officers included, having with me Captains Adams, Hobbs, and Osgood in three vessels bound for Porte Edward, where we the next day arrived and I found there a memorandum sent by Colonel Lawrence, the Governor of Nova Scotia, which directed me to take up my quarters at the Basin of Minas. Whereupon, on the next tide, I came down the river and entered into the Gaspereau, where we landed. Have taken up my quarters here in Grand-Pré between the Church and Chapel yard, having the Priest's House for my own accommodation and the Church for a Place of Arms. Am picketing my Camp to prevent a surprise. Expect to be joined with two hundred more men soon. As to the Inhabitants, commonly called the Neutrals, the point seems to have been settled in relation to them and they are to be removed. They are as yet in Ignorance of the Reason of my coming here. This is a fine day and they seem to be very busy with their harvesting. I have the pleasure to inform his Majesty's Government that the Army in general enjoys a good state of health, although it is likely we shall soon have our hands full of a disagreeable Business to remove a people from their ancient habitations which in this part of the Country are very valuable. The Orders of the Day: No soldier to Straggle from this Camp down the street of the Village without special permission and leave from me. The Main body of the Church to be made clear for the reception of men and provisions. The Troops, with the exception of the Guard and the Sentry, will hereafter lodge in this Camp.
22-Aug Thomas Aug 22. Plesant Day Nothing Remarkble.
23-Aug Thomas Aug 23. A Party from Gaus]iereau Doc*: Nthe Come with tliem.
24-Aug Winslow August 24th Yesterday I received a month's provisions for four hundred men, which I have deposited in the Church. I have pitched my Tents and lodged my men in them; and if my Palisades hold out, shall finish my picjeting this day. There is a small House within the pickets which I have made into a Captains' quarters. One thing I still lack, which is a guard room, and I have a frame up and partly enclosed and there are old boards enough here to cover it. I shall put His Majesty to n o expense in the whole but for Nails, of which if the Commissary h ave any in store I should be glad of one thousand and can not well do without them, as also a Lock of any kind so it be stout for the Church door. Jock (Jacques) Terreo (Theriault) informs me that the Inhabitants of Grand-Pré are redily complying with our demand of Cattle and that these should be of the best. We this day drive to the Woods to collect the herds together. Instructions for Lieutenant-Colonel John Winslow: Destinations of the Vessels in the Basin of Minas: North Carolina, Mary Land and Virginia. Each person so embarked is to be allowed 5 pounds of flour and 1 pound of pork for every seven days. With relation to the means necessary for collecting the people together so as to get them on board. If you find that Fair means will not do with them you must Proceed by the most Vigorous measures possible not only in compelling them to Embark, but in depriving those who shall escape of all means of shelter by Burning their Houses and Destroying everything that will afford them means of subsistence in their Country. As soon as the Transports have received their people on baord and are ready to Sail you are to acquaint the Commander of his Majesty's ship therewith that he may take them under Convoy and put to Sea without loss of Time.
24-Aug Thomas Aug 24. Cloudy m'' Philips Preached at Camji A:m: went to Foart Lawrence.
25-Aug Thomas Aug 25. 40 men Peturned upon Party that have bin out with Cap*: willard to Cobigate &c thay Bi'ought in Several Prisoner^ Burnt Several Fine Viliges.
26-Aug Bancroft We finished our Picketing by Tuesday 26 and sete Guard withine Garison givinge word Alls well aftere manner of a forte Parol Boston.
26-Aug Thomas Aug 26. Capt' willard Returned with the^ Remaning Part y' went out with Cap' Lues & those y' went with him the People ware much Fetuged I went to Foart Lawrance.
26-Aug Delaney August 26, 1755 22 Acadian prisoners arrested at Tatmagouche are taken to Fort Cumberland.
27-Aug Thomas Aug 27. Rany Day.
28-Aug Thomas Aug 28. major Frthe with a Party of 200 men Imbarked on Board Cap' Cobb Newel & adam* to Go to Sheperday & take what French thay Could & burn thare viliges thare & at Petcojack.
28-Aug Thomas Aug 29. Exceeding Rany a Party Return from Gauspereau y' Came her after Provision' our Tent' Leak very much.
30-Aug Bancroft Aug 30Satterdaye Co orderede Burying Place to be enclosed which was dunis Day wipicketse Coll marchesis Day wi50 men to see cittuation ofe french villages
30-Aug Winslow August 30th As the Corn is now all down, the weather being such as has helped the Inhabitant's housing of it, it is my opinion that the orders be mde public next Friday, on which day we purpose to put these orders into execution.
30-Aug Thomas Aug 30. Cloud}^ uncomfortable wather Cap': Gilbert Marched to the Bay of vert with a Party of 50 men to Bing in what Inhabitant' he Could Find & Burn thare Vi leges.
30-Aug Delaney August 30, 1755 Three transport ships, the Endeavour, the Industry and the Mary arrive at Les Mines to deport the Acadians of this region.
31-Aug Bancroft Aug 31 - Sloops arrived hear from Boston 125 Sunday 31 st Lieut Crooker set out wia Boats crew for Chignecto Munday 1 st Day of Sept. 1755
31-Aug Bancroft Lieut Bulkeley marches wi30 men to Fort Edward whare to tary sum days and as many ofe regulars came for our Pilots ine villages at Mines Tuesday
31-Aug Thomas Aug 31. Plesant Day m'' Wood the Church Person Preached at Foart Cumberland all our Rigement went to Church thare m'' Philips Preached at Camp P:m: & all the Regular^ came to hear him.
31-Aug Delaney August 31, 1755 Arrival of the transport ship Neptune which goes to Pigiguit to deport the Acadians of the region.
31-Aug Delaney August 31, 1755 A transport ship arrives at Annapolis Royal in order to deport the Acadians of this region.
1-Sep Thomas Sep 1 AD: 1755. Plesant Day Job Crooke'' Came here in a whale Boat from menis with a Packet for Oolonol Munckton.
1-Sep Delaney September 1, 1755 Winslow is informed by Maj. Handfield that the Acadians of the Port Royal region have fled in the forest with their belongings. Destruction of houses around Fort Gaspareau, near Baie-Verte.
1-Sep Winslow September 1st AT MY CAMP Three of the extra Transports have arrived and the Inhabitants have been on Board eager to know their Errand, but as I was early with the Ships' masters, I gave them instructions to say that they were to come to attend me and the Troopos wherever I pleased. These Transports inform me that there is eleven more Sail coming from Boston and would weigh anchor shortly. This day, September 2nd, 1755, I posted his Majesty's proclamation in the village of Grand-Pré, giving notice to the People that they assemble in the Church on Friday at three of the Clock.
2-Sep Delaney September 2, 1755 Surprise attack at Petcoudiac by Lt. Charles Deschamps de Boishébert against the British forces sent to burn the villages of Chipoudie, Petcoudiac and Memramcook, which forces the withdrawal of English soldiers with heavy losses. They nonetheless capture 30 women and children and succeed in destroying 253 buildings and a large quantity of wheat. More than 200 Acadian families of this region are thus able to escape the deportation.
2-Sep Thomas Sep 2. Plesant Day major Frthe Sent Leiv' Jn° Indicut on Shore with men to Burn a Vilige at a Place Called Petcojack after thay had Burnt Several Houses & Barns thay ware about to Burn a New masshouse a Large Number of French & Indian' Ran upon them out of the Wood & Fired on them So y' thay ware obliged to Retreat Doc' march who had Just Joyned him with 10 men from Ca])' Speakman' Party who Came on Shore the other Side of the^ Vilige was Killed on the Spot 22 more Killed & taken Seven wound Badly.
2-Sep Bancroft Sept 2 nd Col Winslow & Doctr went to Forte Edward by water returned at evening Capt Adams wi60 men toe River Kanar Wednesday 3 two parties (viz) Hobbs and Osgood to take a view ofe villages Round about Grand Pree.
3-Sep Thomas Sep 3. Majo'' Fry Returned with his Party & Brought us tl)e aiforegoing Account of his Defeat & the wounded men among whom was Leiv' Bilings Badly wounded threvk^ in the arm & Body, a Party Likewise from theBay of vert under y'' Comand of Cap' Gihbert who had bin & Consumed that vilige & the House' adjasent.
3-Sep Winslow September 3rd Past nine in the Evening. whereas there has been just now an Alarm in the Camp, it is positive that the Roll must be called to see who is absent from this Camp whether Regulars or Irregulars, that if there be delinquents they may be treated as such.
4-Sep Thomas Sept 4t Thirsday 2 men was [w]hipt 1 20 lashes for offering to force a french womane other 30 lashes for steeling frome french.
4-Sep Thomas Sep 4. Leiv': Carver Came from Foart Gauspereau with a Partey.
4-Sep Delaney September 4, 1755 The inhabitants of Annapolis Royal come out of the forest and say they are ready to listen to the orders of the king of England.
4-Sep Delaney September 4, 1755 The transport ship Elizabeth arrives at Les Mines in order to deport the Acadians of this region.
4-Sep Delaney September 4, 1755 An article in the Pennsylvania Gazette reports: “We are now upon a great and noble Scheme of sending the neutral French out of this Province, who have always been secret Enemies, and have encouraged our Savages to cut our throats. If we effect their Expulsion, it will be one of the greatest Things that ever the English did in America; for by all Accounts, that part of the Country they possess, is as good Land as any in the World: In case therefore we could get some good English Farmers in their Room this Province would abound with all Kinds of Provisions.
4-Sep Winslow September 4th A Court Martial to be held thismorning for the Trial of William Jackson and of Abishai Stetson of the Troops for being out of the Encampment all night and for brining into the Camp a French Fire Shovel and a Sieve. The sentence of the Court is that the Prisoner Jackson receive Twenty Lashes from the hands of the Drummer with a Cat and that the Prisoner Stetson receive Thirty Lashes in the Like manner, and well Laid on, in addition to making Amends to those Houses whose Inhabitants they had Desecrated. Confirmed and Ordered to be put into Execution at the Relief of the Guard.
5-Sep Bancroft Sept 5Frydaye french being ordered to come toe Co intoe forte asey supposed to receive sum new orders but contrary toeir expectatione Gate was shut andey confined as Prisonerse Co showingem by his orders which wasatey must be sent off andate lands and cattle was become forfeted toe King. Seingemselves so Decoyede shame and confusion of face together wiAnger so alteredeir countenenseat it cant be expressd
5-Sep Thomas Sep 5. Plesant Day order' for Leiv': Lawrance to Imbark with 57 to menis to Joyn Colonol winslow.
5-Sep Delaney September 5, 1755 (Friday at 3 p.m.) Convocation by Winslow, at the church Saint-Charles des Mines in Grand-Pré, of the men and young boys of the villages of Grand-Pré, of Rivière-aux-Canards and of the rivers Habitants and Gaspareau, and convocation by Murray, at Fort Edward, of the men and boys of the region of Pigiguit, for the reading of the order of the Deportation. They are all arrested and detained in the church of Grand-Pré and at Fort Edward. Each day until September 10, twenty men have the right to leave to meet their families and to get provisions for the other prisoners.
5-Sep Winslow September 5th I have found it expedient to add this clause to the Proclamation in the village of Grand-Pré: That all Horned Cattle, sheep, Goats, Hogs and Poultry of all kinds that were this Day suposed to be Vested in the French Inhabitants of this Province are become forfeited to his Majesty whose Property they now are, and every Person of the French Denomination is to take care not to Hurt, Kill, or Destroy anything of any kind nor to rob Orchards of Gardens or to make Waste of anything whatsoever, Dead or Alive, in these Districts without Orders from me. The Orders of the Day: The French Inhabitants to repair to their quarters in the Church at Tattoo and in the day not to extend their walks to the Eastward of the Commandant's Quarters without leave from the officers of the Guard. A patrol of a Sergeant and twelve men to walk constantly round the Church. The Sentries everywhere to be doubled. These French people not having any provisions with them in the Church and pleading Hunger, I ordered that for the future they be supplied from their respective families. Thus ends my Memorable fifth of September, a Day of great Fatigue for me and Trouble.
6-Sep Thomas Sep 6. Sum wet it is Reported y' thare is a Number of Indian' Discovered Near the Camp I went to Foai-t Lawrance Cap': Stone with Lumbe'' aiived here from Boston.
6-Sep Delaney September 6, 1755 The transport ship Leopard arrives at Les Mines in order to deport the Acadians of this region.
7-Sep Bancroft Sept 7- NBe Co Suffered 20 ofe french to be out ofe Garison ate time Sunday 7 Lieut Crooker returned from Chignecto and informs usat Majr Fry had Ben to Shepardee to Burne villages andate enemy had fallen upon a party ofem and had killd and taken 23 of our men one of which was Lieut March
7-Sep Thomas Sep 7. major Prible & I Came from Foart Lawrance to the Camp much Rumor about French & Indian' y' Small Party ware Discovered.
7-Sep Delaney September 7, 1755 Seven transport ships are now at Les Mines to deport the Acadians of the region.
8-Sep Thomas Sep 8. Plesant Day Nothing Remarkble.
9-Sep Thomas Sep 9. tlie Ciimp alarmed.
9-Sep Bancroft Sept 9 Tuesday Ensign Gay and Fasset wia party of 50 men went to River Canar to takee names ofe People inose village.
10-Sep Delaney Sept 10 Neer 300 men ofe french put on boarde transports
10-Sep Winslow September 10th I sent for Father (as in head of the family) Landry, their principal Speaker who talks English, and I told him the time was come for the Inhabitants to begin Embarking and that we would start with the Young Men and that I desired he would inform his Brethren of it. He was greatly Surprised. I told him that as I Viewed the matter it must be done and that I should order the Prisoners to be drawn up Six Deep, their Young Men on the left, and as the Tide would in a very little time favor my Design I could not give them above an Hour to prepare for going on Board. I then Commanded our whole Party to be under Arms and Post themselves between the two gates and the Church in the rear of my Quarters, which was obeyed and agreeable to my Directions. The Whole of the French Inhabitants were drawn together in one Body, their Young Men as directed to the left. I then ordered the Prisoners to march, but they all answered that they could not go without their Fathers. I told them that was a word New England did not understand, for that the King's Command was to me Absolute and should be, on my part, Absolutely obeyed. That I did not love Harsh means but the Time did not permit of parleying. Then I ordered the whole Troops to fix their Bayonets and advance toward the French with the repeated order to march. The Which they then did, though Slowly, and they went singning and crying and praying, being met by the Women and Children all the way (the road is rough and a mile and a half long) with great lamentations and upon their knees. I began at once to Embark these Inhabitants who went so Sorrowfully and Unwillingly, the Women in great distress carrying their Children in their arms and Others carrying their decrepit Parents in their Wains and all their Goods moving in dire Confusion. It appeared indeed a matter of Woe and Distress. Thus Proceeds a Troublesome Job, and little to my liking. After this Captain Adams Fell Down from the Gaspereau.
10-Sep Thomas Sep 10. Sent 50 French Prisoner' from Foart Cumberland on Board the transport" to he Sent out of this Province.
10-Sep Winslow September 10, 1755 (Wednesday) First embarkations for the deportation: at Chignectou - 50 Acadian prisoners from Fort Cumberland are embarked; Les Mines - 141 adolescents and 89 married men are forcibly embarked on five transport ships in the basin of Les Mines.
11-Sep Thomas Sep 11. Plesant Day I went to Foart Lawrance to Continue thare a Short Time I being not well.
11-Sep Delaney September 11, 1755 Embarkation at Les Mines of 20 more men.
11-Sep Delaney September 11, 1755 Lawrence orders Monckton to embark the married men detained at Chignectou whose women and children have not arrived. Thus some 160 fathers will be deported without their families, the majority of whom are now destitute and take refuge on Ile-Saint-Jean and later at Québec.
11-Sep Winslow September 11th I made strict enquiry how those Young Men made their escape yesterday and by every circumstance found one Francois Hubert (Hebert) was either the Contriver or Abettor, who was on Board at the time and his Effects shipped. I ordered him ashore, allowed him to proceed to hiw own House and then in his presence burned both his House and Barn. There are certain Instructions which must be given to the Masters of these Transports. Thomas Church of the Leopard, bound for Mary Land, will sail first. I will write him in this wise: Sir:
11-Sep Winslow You having received on Board your Schooner certain Men, Women and Children, being part of the French Inhabitants of the Province of Acadie in Nova Scotia, you are to Proceed with them when Wind and Weather permit to his Majesty's Governor in Mary Land and upon your arriving there you are to Wait upon the Honorable Horatio Sharp, Lieutenant-Governor and Commander-in-Chief, and make all possible Dispatch in Debarking your Passengers. You are to take care that no Arms or offensive Weapons of any kind are on Board with your passengers and to be as careful and watchful as possible during the whole course of your Voyage to prevent these Prisoners from making an attempt to take the Ship. To guard against any attempt to seize your Vessel you will allow only a Small Number to be on Deck at a time. See that the Provisions be regularly issued to the people and for your greater Security you are to wait on the Commander of his Majesty's ShipNightingale and desire the Benefit of his Convoy. Wishing you a successful Voyage, and given under my hand at the Camp of Grand-Pré, Anno Domino, Seventeen hundred and fifty-five. John Winslow I have made out a Summary of this Unplesant Business upon which I, Lieutenant-Colonel John winslow of the Army of Boston, was Detailed. I caused to be Burned the following in the region round about the Basin of Minas: Barns 276 Houses 255 Mills 11 Churches 1 Total 543 I shipped one thousand five hundred and ten Inhabitants from Grand-Pré on certain Vessels to Strange Parts, where these French will needs find themselves Houses. The Brig Hannah, Captain Adams in command, will take her way to Philadelphia. The Industry and the Leopard, Goodwin and Church being their Masters, are on their Route to Mary Land. I have started the Prosperous, the Mary, and the Sally and Molly to the region of Virginia. Winter will be coming on apace in this Camp and the Sea beats desolately against the Shore.
12-Sep Thomas Sep 12. Doc*: Tyler went to y"' Camp to Take Care of the Sick thare.
13-Sep Thomas Sept 13 one comings of Capt Adamses company Was Drowned.
13-Sep Thomas Sep 13. Kaney Day we Continue Sending the Inhabitant" on Board the Transport*.
13-Sep Delaney September 13, 1755 Embarkation of the Acadians of Chignectou continues.
14-Sep Thomas Sep 14. Plesant Day Cap' Sturdifant & I went to theCamp.
15-Sep Thomas Sep 15. Paney major Prible & Goldthwait marched for Gauspereau with a Party of 400 men to Reconoyter that Place P]xpecting to fuid Sum of the Enemy jS^ear thare.
15-Sep Thomas Sept 15 Day two men whipt for Steeling
15-Sep Delaney September 15, 1755 Census ordered by Winslow of the Acadians detained in the church of Grand-Pré. Some 483 men (heads of families and older sons capable of bearing arms), 337 married women, 527 younger sons and 576 daughters are enumerated.
16-Sep Thomas Sep 16. Sum Cold.
16-Sep Delaney September 16, 1755 The soldiers burn 200 buildings in the village of Baie-Verte and the surrounding area.
17-Sep Thomas Sep 17. Sum Showery I went to y'' Camp Ensigne Hildrake with a Small Party from Gauspereau & make' no Discovery of the Enemy I Returned to Foart Lawrance.
17-Sep Delaney September 17, 1755 Winslow orders the round up of the Acadians of Cobequit. The same day, English soldiers burn some 190 buildings in the village of Aulac. The next day, September 18, 1755 they burn 70 houses in the region of Pont-à-Buote and of the Butte-à-Roger.
18-Sep Thomas Sep 18. very Hard Gail of wind much Rain & Snow the Camp Greatly Torne to Peases with y'' wind major Prible Returned with his Party having Burnt 200 Houses & Barn\ 19. Plesant Day.
19-Sep Bancroft Sept 19 Lieut Peabody march wia party for Anapolis to guard a number of French. 20 put on Board 100 more ofe French 27 two French men pulled Down 2 picketts and went out ofe Garrison unperceived
19-Sep Delaney September 19, 1755 Representatives of the Acadians of Port Royal are forced to march from Grand-Pré to Annapolis Royal under the escort of British soldiers.
19-Sep Delaney September 19, 1755 Without counting the Acadians of Cobequit and of Pigiguit, Winslow has detained 507 men and adolescents. Together with their wives and their other children, they number more than 2,000 people, of whom 230 are already embarked.
20-Sep Thomas Sep 20. Plesant Day I went to Camp.
21-Sep Thomas Sep 21. Plesant Day Cap' Sturfivant Sick att Fort Lawrance.
22-Sep Thomas Sep 22. Cloudy Leiv* Ci'ooker Came in a Row Boat from Menis with a Packet from Colonol winslow to Colonol Muncton.
23-Sep Thomas Sep 23. I wrote to Colonol winslow & Doc': whitworth at Menis.
23-Sep Delaney September 23, 1755 Winslow is informed that the embarkation of the Acadians of Chignectou has been underway for a month.
24-Sep Thomas Sep 24. Cap': Faget sailed for Menis in a Snow Leiv' Crookerwith him.
24-Sep Delaney September 24, 1755 Winslow learns that numerous Acadians of Chignectou were able to escape the round ups. It is estimated that from 800 to 900 Acadians of Chignectou succeeded in escaping the deportation by fleeing toward Ile-Saint-Jean, the Baie de Chaleurs, the St. John River, the Miramichi River and Québec.
25-Sep Thomas Sep 25. Sum Showery Several otficer' are Building Hut' att Camp In order to Secure themselve' from Inclemency of the wather.
25-Sep Delaney September 25, 1755 Winslow learns that the entire population of Cobeguit has fled toward Ile-Saint- Jean and that his soldiers have burned the village.
26-Sep Thomas Sep 26. Showery Colonol Muncton Revewed the First Battalion this morning at 6 of the^ Clock I came over to Fort Lawrance P:m:
26-Sep Thomas Sept 29 Enseign Fassett marcht wia party for Hallifax.
27-Sep Thomas Sep 27. Colonol Muncton Revewed y'' 2 Battalion' order' Came from Col: muncton for 200 men to Hold themselve' In Redyness to march to Gauspereau tomorrow morning I went to y'^ Camp.
29-Sep Thomas Sep 28. this morning 200 men marched for Gauspereau under theComand of major Frthe Doc' Tyler went with them.
29-Sep Thomas Sep 29. Cap': Jn": Dogget arived here from Boston Brings us the New' of major General Jonson Ingagemen' at Lake George & his obtaining the^ Victory thare.
29-Sep Delaney circa September 29, 1755 Embarkation of the women and children from Chignectou onto ships.
29-Sep Delaney September 29, 1755 Winslow writes that there are already more than 330 Acadians of Les Mines on ships and that among them there are some who have been there for more than 20 days.
30-Sep Thomas Sep 30. Sum Rainy very Hard Storm In the^ Evening.
1-Oct Thomas Oct 1. Stormy Dark Night Eighty Six French Prisoner' Dugg under the wall att Foart Lawrance & Got Clear undiscovered by the Centery I Receved Letters from New England by Dogget.
1-Oct Delaney October 1, 1755 Lawrence orders the transport ships destined for Annapolis Royal to head instead toward Grand-Pré and Pigiguit.
1-Oct Delaney October 1, 1755 During the preceding night, 86 Acadian prisoners are able to escape from Fort Lawrence through a tunnel of more than 10 meters (30 feet) which they dig under the walls of the fort. They are mostly men from Chipoudie, Petcoudiac and Memramcook, whose wives and children have not surrendered to the English.
2-Oct Bancroft Oct 2 Thursday Lieut Bulkeley returned wihis Party from Cobiget haveing Burnt alleir Buildings
2-Oct Thomas Oct 2. Plesant Day I went to Foart Lawrance Dined at Bishop'.
3-Oct Thomas Oct 3. 1 Returned to Camp A:m: , 4. Plesant Day Nothing Remarkble.
4-Oct Bancroft Oct 4 Instant Lieut Fit[c]wia Party for Anapolis.
5-Oct Thomas Oct 5. Plesant Day m' Philip' Preaclied all Day.
6-Oct Thomas Oct 6. Sum Rany P:m: y'' wind Blow'' Hard at S:w: Cap' Jones Came here from Gauspereau with Forty men, 7. Very hard Storm of wind & Rain Several vesel' Drove from thare Ankerinc as thay Lay In y'' Rhode I Came to Fort Lawrance.
6-Oct Delaney October 6, 1755 Winslow writes to the captains of the ships asking them to keep entire families together as much as possible during the embarkation.
7-Oct Delaney October 7, 1755 24 prisoners escape from the ships at Les Mines. One of these is killed and 22 others return on October 11 and embark on October 13.
7-Oct Delaney October 7, 1755 Monckton has already embarked some 1,100 Acadians at Chignectou.
8-Oct Bancroft Oct 8Wednesday about 12 men madeeir escape from on boarde transports which so affrontede Coat he went out and Burnt two ofeir Houses. He said ifey Do not return quick he will Burn alleir effects. Next Day parties was sent out to gathere women and children to put on Board which we accomplishede Day following wiout much difficulty.
8-Oct Thomas Oct 8. Plesant Day I Returned to Camp P:m: the^ Regular' Began to Enlist our men Into the Regular Servis.
8-Oct Delaney October 8, 1755 Embarkation of 80 Acadian families from Les Mines on the ships the Leopard and the Elizabeth.
9-Oct Thomas Oct 9. Cap* Rowse arived here from Hallefax In order to Hurrey the Fleet with y® Prisonei' from this Place.
9-Oct Delaney October 9, 1755 The men who embarked on September 10 at Grand-Pré are allowed to rejoin their families in order to be embarked together.
10-Oct Thomas Oct 10. Plesant Day a vesel from New York with Provisons.
10-Oct Delaney October 10, 1755 Seven transports, the Hannah, the Sally and Molly, the Dolphin, the Prosperous, the Ranger, the Three Friends and the Swan, arrive from Annapolis Royal to Les Mines in order to deport the Acadians of that region.
11-Oct Bancroft Oct 11Satterday - Ensign Carr wia party of 40 went toe River Abitong after sum frenchat as we heard was about to run away wheney came toe villageey se a french man moun his horse and endevored to make his escapeey call’d him to stop. But he Dubled his pace upon whichey Shot after him Gave him such a woundat he expired in a few minutes. He returnede Day following haveing taken 5 ofe french
11-Oct Thomas Oct 11. Stormy Day Cap*: Dogget Sailed for Boston the Last Party of French Prisoner' ware Seni on Board the^ veseP In order to be Sent out of the Province.
11-Oct Delaney October 11, 1755 Embarkation of the last group of Acadians from Chignectou.
12-Oct Delaney Oct 12. Bad Storm & Cold Last Night Person Philips went to Fort Lawrance to Preach.
12-Oct Delaney October 12, 1755 Two transport ships, the Three Friends and the Dolphin, leave the basin of Les Mines for Pigiguit where the Neptune already awaits and on October 15, they are joined by the Ranger
13-Oct Thomas Oct 13. Cap* Rowse Sailed this morning with y'' Fleet Consisting of 10 Sail under his Comand thay Carthed Nine Hundred & Sixty French Prisoner' with them Bound to South Carolina & George Cap Mackey Arived here from Boston.
13-Oct Delaney October 13, 1755 Deportation of 1,100 Acadians from Chignectou. Departure of eight ships: the Cornwallis for South Carolina (210 Acadians on board), the Dolphin for South Carolina (121 Acadians on board), the Endeavour for South Carolina (126 Acadians on board), the Two Brothers for South Carolina (132 Acadians on board), the Jolly Philip for Georgia (about 120 Acadians on board), the Prince Frederick for Georgia (around 280 Acadians on board) and two escort ships: the Syren for South Carolina (21 Acadian men on board, considered very dangerous) and the Success. Two other ships, the Boscawen, which was to transport 190 Acadians to South Carolina, and the Union, which was to transport 392 to Pennsylvania, did not get underway because the number of Acadians arrested at Chignectou was smaller than expected.
14-Oct Thomas Oct 14. Rany A:m: I went to Foart Lawrance P:m: 15. Plesant Day I Dined at Cap*: Baley' Returned to Camp P:m: Exceeding Bad Traviling over the^ mash.
14-Oct Delaney October 14, 1755 The beginning of the embarkation of the Acadians from Pigiguit.
14-Oct Bancroft Oct 14- Tuesday I went wia party of 30 men to findoseat ware stragleing and to ordere women to geteie efects on Board I returned wione prisoner which was sent on Board withe Rest.
15-Oct Bancroft Oct 15I went wiCapt Adams and Hobbs wia party of 100 men to pute french on boarde vessels we returned on Thursday ye 23 andere not being vessels enough to put alle french on Board we Brought wius to Grand Pree about 600 persons.
15-Oct Delaney October 15, 1755 Round-up of 677 Acadians from Rivière-aux-Canards at Pointe-des-Boudrot for embarkation.
16-Oct Thomas Oct 16. Clear wather wind S:w: Blow^ Hard & wSum Cold.
17-Oct Thomas Oct 17. Plesant Day a Party of 37 men under the Comand of Two Ensigns ware ordered out to Reconoyter the French & See what Discoverthe thay Can make.
18-Oct Thomas Oct 18. wind S: Blow' hard Sum Rain our Party Returned to Camp without making any Great Discovery Excep* a Party of French at a Distance who made of into the wood.
19-Oct Thomas Oct 19. Sum Plesant Nothing Remarkable.
19-Oct Delaney October 19, 1755 Winslow awaits other ships in order to deport the 500 remaining Acadians.
20-Oct Thomas Oct 20. Sum wet & Rany.
21-Oct Thomas Oct 21. Several Gentlemen Suped at Cap* Malcums.
21-Oct Delaney October 21, 1755 Embarkation of the Acadians gathered at Pointe-des-Boudrot to rejoin other transport ships in the basin of Les Mines.
22-Oct Thomas Oct 22. Plesant Day I went to Fort Lawrance P:m: Leiv* Curtis with twenty men went up the^ River obare to Reconoiter.
23-Oct Thomas Oct 23. Rany & Stormy Leivt: Curtis with his Party up the River Obare as he was Bringing a Number of Cattle Sheap & Horses was Fired upon by a Party of French & Indian' Leu* Curtis ordered his Party to Persue the'": which they Did very vigoreously Keeping a Constand Fireing on Both Side' until thay Discovered 100 more of the Enemy Laying in Ambush for them upon which Curtis & Party Retreated Recovered the Dyke on the mash the Enemy Persued them Sum way but our People kep* up So warm a Fire on thare Retreat it Stoped thePersuer' & thay Got Safe to the Fort this after Noon a Small Party went out from Camp under Comand of Ensign Brewer who had a Small Ingagement at a Place Called Olake but no Great Damage Done on Either Side.
23-Oct Delaney October 23, 1755 Four ships transporting deportees of the region of Pigiguit arrive at the basin of Les Mines.
23-Oct Delaney October 23, 1755 Winslow having embarked twice as many Acadians from Les Mines as expected, the boats are overloaded and families are separated in the confusion.
24-Oct Thomas Oct 24. Plesant Day Cap* Gay arived here Last Night from Boston by whom I recived Letters from Boston I Came to Camp P:m: 25. Considrable Hard Frost Last Night.
26-Oct Thomas Oct 26. Snow Squall very uncomfortable wather I went on Board Cap* Gay' Sloop.
27-Oct Thomas Oct 27. Orders Given out for a General Cort marshal for the Tryal of Cap' Samuell Gibert & Leiv' Lawrance both of the Second Battalion.
27-Oct Delaney October 27, 1755 Deportation of the Acadians from Grand-Pré, from Pigiguit, from Rivière-aux- Canards, and from the rivers Habitants and Gaspareau. Departure of 14 ships: the Dolphin from Pigiguit for Maryland (230 Acadians on board, 56 over capacity), the Elizabeth from Grand-Pré for Maryland (242 Acadians: 186 having embarked on October 13; the others later;52 over capacity), the Leopard (Leonard) from Grand-Pré for Maryland (178 Acadians on board), the Endeavour from Pointe-des-Boudrot for Virginia (166 Acadians on board), the Industry from Pointe-des- Boudrot for Virginia (177 Acadians on board), the Mary from Pointe-des-Boudrot for Virginia (182 Acadians on board), the Neptune from Pigiguit for Virginia (207 Acadians on board; 27 over capacity), the Prosperous from Pointe-des-Boudrot for Virginia (152 Acadians on board), the Ranger from Pigiguit for Maryland (208 Acadians on board; 81 [sic for 26?] over capacity, the Sally and Molly from Grand-Pré for Virginia (154 Acadians on board), the Hannah from Grand-Pré for Pennsylvania (140 Acadians on board), the Swan from Grand-Pré for Pennsylvania (168 Acadians on board), the Three Friends from Pigiguit for Pennsylvania (156 Acadians on board, 18 over capacity), the Seaflower from Grand-Pré for Massachusetts ([about 160] Acadians from Pigiguit on board) and three escort ships: the Nightingale, the Halifax and the Warren.
27-Oct Delaney October 27, 1755 The 14 boats from Les Mines join the 8 ships carrying Acadians from Chignectou in the Bay of Fundy and head toward the high seas.
27-Oct Delaney October 27, 1755 Departure of the Helena from Annapolis Royal for Massachusetts (323 Acadians aboard: 52 men, 52 women, 108 boys and 111 girls).
27-Oct Delaney Oct 29 fleet saild withe french from Mines leavingose 600 for want of transports.
28-Oct Thomas Oct 28. Cloudy Sum Rain a Gene' Coart marshal held for the Tryal of Cap* Samuel Gilbert & Leiv': Lawrance Colonol munton Preceden* & 13 members.
29-Oct Thomas Oct 29. I went on Comand with Cap*: Steven's this Eveng our Party Consisted of 150 men.
30-Oct Thomas Oct 30. we marched Last Night to Pont De Bute & att a Small vilego 3 mile Distant to the^ Northward of s'' Point we Discoverd a Fire upon which we Soroundedy'' house & Rushed on it upon which we Kecived y'' discharge of three Guns but we Enterd the house without any hurt but it Proved to be Leiv' Curtis & Ensign Bruer with 35 men who ware out from Fort Lawrance to Reconoiter upon which we turned our Coarse for Olake it Began to Snow about one of the^ Clock this morning we marched as Far as a Large Brige as we Passove"" to Tantamar but y"" Day Breaking & the Storm Incresing we Did not think it Proper to Proceed any Further & So Returned to Camp whare we arived about 12 Clock much Fatugcid.
31-Oct Thomas Oct 31. a Bad Storm of Snow the^ Last 24 llour^ & Cold our People underwent Greatly with theCold & Storm for: thay Continue in Tent*.
31-Oct Delaney October 31, 1755 Winslow writes that the villages in his district have been burned and that the village of Grand-Pré will be destroyed as soon as the last inhabitants have been deported.
1-Nov Thomas Nov 1. Plesant Day & thawey.
1-Nov Bancroft Nov 1 We are informedat we are like to Winter in Nova Scotia 
2-Nov Bancroft Nov 2 we begun to burnere villages andis Day Burnte villagesat was Bye River Gotro and ye Day following I went wia party of 90 men toe River Canar ande nex Day was joind bye Col and a small party in order to Burnose villages
2-Nov Thomas Nov 2. Plesant Day for y'' Season but bad Training.
2-Nov Delaney November 2-7 1755 The British soldiers begin burning the villages of the region of Grand-Pré and probably also of Pigiguit. They destroy 255 houses, 276 barns, 11 mills and one church in the settlement of Rivière-aux-Canards and of the rivers Gaspareau, Habitants, and the surrounding area.
3-Nov Delaney November 3, 1755 Winslow announces that he has already deported 1,510 Acadians from Grand-Pré and from Rivière-aux-Canards. Because of the lack of ships, some 98 Acadian families (600 people) mostly from the ‘Village des Antoine’ in Rivière-aux-Canards and the ‘Village des Landry’ in Grand Pré, with a few other people from Rivière-aux-Canards, remain to be embarked at Pointe-des-Boudrot. They are transferred to Grand-Pré to await ships transporting them into exile.
3-Nov Thomas Nov 3. wind N: very Rany Last Night a Party of 1 00 men Paraded and Sent to Fort Lawrance under Cap' Lamson to Joyn majo"" Bourn' P;irty In order to go up the River Obair & ampong to Get wood for y'^ Garrison.
4-Nov Thomas Nov 4. Plesant Day.
4-Nov Delaney November 4, 1755 Death of Anne Mouton, age 30, widow of Joseph Richard, the first Acadian victim of the epidemic of smallpox in Québec.
5-Nov Thomas Nov 5. three vesel^ Sailed up y'' River obair to Git wood for the Fort' major Bourn went with 300 men to Cut the^ wood & Guard y? VeseP.
5-Nov Delaney November 5, 1755 Six ships transporting Acadians take refuge in Boston during a storm: the Three Friends headed for Philadelphia, with 160 Acadians “generally well”, the Dolphin headed for Maryland, with 227 Acadians “sick because of the overloading of the ship, 40 persons sleeping on the deck”, the Endeavour headed for South Carolina, with 125 Acadians “in good health but complaining of the lack of food”, the Sarah and Molly headed for Virginia, with 151 Acadians “in good health but complaining of the lack of water”, the Ranger headed for Maryland, with 205 Acadians some of whom are “sick and with water of poor quality” and the Neptune, with 209 Acadians “in good health, but 40 persons sleeping on the deck”.
7-Nov Delaney Nov 7 we returned on Fryday haveing accomplished our Business and ase old french say Burnt 1000 Hogsheads of wheet.
7-Nov Delaney November 7, 1755 The Boston authorities recommend that 134 Acadians of the ships over capacity should disembark to reduce the ratio on each ship to the stipulated two persons per ton.
11-Nov Delaney November 9, 1755 The Pennsylvania Gazette (11 November 1755) cites a letter from Winchester, Virginia, announcing that ‘Some vessels are in the River from Halifax with French Neutrals, one of which came up to town on Tuesday night, but is since ordered down again.’ These are the Endeavour with 166 Acadians, and the Industry, with 177 Acadians, both having left for Virginia from Point-des-Boudrot.
11-Nov Delaney Nov 11 Tuesday last Capt Adams & Hobbs wia party of 80 men marcht for Anapolis Royal in order to gethere frenchat livedereabouts.
13-Nov Thomas Nov 13. marched out to westcock with Cap' willard & 120 men we ware Carthed over the^ River Tantamar In Boats we marched this Night as Far as Eastcock we arived thare about 12 Clock this Night whare we Lodged iu a Barn very Cold but Discovered no Enemy.
13-Nov Delaney November 13, 1755 Arrival in Virginia of the Mary with 182 Acadians from Pointe-des-Boudrot, of the Neptune with 207 Acadians from Pigiguit, of the Prosperous with 152 Acadians from Pointe- des-Boudrot and the Sally and Molly with 154 Acadians from Grand-Pré.
14-Nov Thomas Nov 14. Plesant but Cold we marched about Sun Riseiiig wc Discovered 3 Frenchmen & Fired on them but thay Ran to y'' wood So y': we did not Recover them we marched on to Tantamar where we arived about 11 Clock we Built Fires Killed Sum Hoggs & Sheap & Got a Great Plenty of Roots & Cabish went to Cooking dk here we B^ired at a Small N" of French but thay made thare Ascape into the^ wood we Continued here ail Day.
14-Nov Bancroft Nov 14 Col Winslow wia party of 80 men marcht for Halifax 30 of which was left at Forte Edward 166 Capt Osgood was now commedante at Grand Pre.
15-Nov Delaney November 15, 1755 Arrival in Massachusetts of the ship Seaflower with about 160 Acadians from Pigiguit.
15-Nov Delaney November 15 - 19 1755 Arrival in South Carolina of four ships, the Cornwallis (207 Acadian passengers), the Dolphin (121 Acadians), the Two Brothers (132 Acadians) and the Endeavour (126 Acadians), all having departed from Chignectou. They do not have the right to disembark at Sullivan’s Island until December 4, and they do not enter the city of Charleston until a few days later. A fourth ship, the Syren, arrives at the same time with the 21 Acadian men considered to be very dangerous, who do not have the right to disembark. Fifteen of them are sent to England and to Portugal, and five succeed in escaping and returning to Acadia
16-Nov Thomas Nov 15. Plesant Day we Burnt a Large mass house & 97 Houses more we met Cap': Steven" with 200 men to Reinforse us we Returned to west Cock at Night whare we met Cap'. Hill v. ith y'' Regulars Colonol Scot major Prible & Several other ofHcers with them & a N": of our Troojjs Came over to us In order to march with us to Memoramcook a vilege -about 13 miles from west Cock.
16-Nov Delaney November 15, 1755 The English troops burn the church as well as 87 houses in Tintamarre and some 70 houses between this village and that of Wescock, that is, the villages of Pré-des-Richard and Pré-des-Bourg.
16-Nov Thomas Nov 16. Lodged at west Cock Last Night this Day Spent In Killing of Cattle & Cooking & Gitiiig in Iledyness to march this Evening.
17-Nov Delaney Before November 17, 1755 Arrival in Georgia of the Jolly Philip with about 120 Acadians, and soon after November 17, 1755 the arrival of the Prince Frederick with about 280 Acadians, all from Chignectou.
17-Nov Delaney November 17, 1755 Nine women and children, most of them ill, are found in Memramcook by English soldiers who take back one woman after having burned 30 houses.
17-Nov Thomas Nov 17. Plesant Day we nuirched Last Night about 1 1 Clock with 70O men under Comand of Colonol Scot we marched all Night very Bad Traviling Came to memoramcook about Break of Day we Sorounded about 20 Houses but thay were all Deserted E\cei)t one house whare we Found women & Children but no man y'' most of them ware sick we Burnt 3U Houses Brought away one woman 200 Hed of Neat Cattle 20 Horses we Came away about 10 A m marched for westcock whare we arived with our Cattle about 7 Clock In the^ Evening.
18-Nov Thomas Nov 18. major Prible marched with 400 men I marched with him about 10 Clock A:m: for Tantamar whare we arived about Sunset which is Six miles from westcock we Incamped killed 8 Hed of Cattle Sum Hoggs Built Fires & Cooked our Provisions.
19-Nov Thomas Nov 19. Sum Cold we Gathered about 230 Hed of Cattle 40 Hoggs 20 Sheap & 20 Horses & marched Back for westcock whare we arived about 4 Clock with all our Cattle we exchanged Sum Guns with theEnemy aboyt a iPiile before we Came to westcock but no damage on our Side.
20-Nov Thomas Nov 20. Plesant Day we mustered about Sunrise mustered the Cattle Togather Di'ove them over the River Near westcock Sot Near 50 Houses on Fyre & Returned to Fort Cumberland with our Cattle &c about 6 Clock P:m: 21. Plesant Day Reced orders for y"^ First Battalion to Hold themselves in Redyness to P2mbaik at an Hour' warning for menis.
20-Nov Delaney November 20, 1755 The English soldiers burn 100 buildings in the village of Wescock.
20-Nov Delaney November 20, 1755 The Maryland Gazette announces the arrival of the first ship at Annapolis, Maryland, the Leopard, with 178 Acadian passengers from the region of Grand-Pré. The Ranger will arrive a few days later with 208 Acadians from Pigiguit.
20-Nov Delaney November 20, 1755 The Pennsylvania Gazette announces the arrival, in Pennsylvania, of three ships transporting on board some “French neutrals”: the Swan (161 Acadians from Grand-Pré), the Hannah (137 Acadians from Grand-Pré) and the Three Friends (156 Acadians from Pigiguit). These Acadians only disembark on November 24.
22-Nov Thomas Nov 22. Plesant Day I went over to Fort Lawrance P:m: to Settle my accompt^ & Git ill Redyness to Embark.
23-Nov Thomas Nov 23. Rany Day I Sent >Sum things on Board Cap*: Hathe I^'^igg- 24. Cloudy Rain Last Night wind S:E: 25. Sum Showers & Squally Durty wather Colonol muncton Embarked on Board Cap*: Cobb for Pisquid all our Troop* ware Drawn up In order to wait on the* Colonol on Board Colonol Scot Takes the Comand.
26-Nov Thomas Nov 26. Plesant Day.
27-Nov Thomas Nov 27. Snow Last Night the First Battalion makeiug Rcdy as Fast as Posible to Embark for Pisquid.
28-Nov Thomas Nov 28. I wrote to New England by Cap* Gay.
29-Nov Thomas Nov 29. Plesant Day Cap' will'": NicoP arived from Boston Cap*: Roger^ & Bingham Sailed from this Place for Hallefax with Bagage & Receved 4 month^ Subsistance which is 33£.
29-Nov Delaney November 29, 1755 Arrival in Massachusetts of the Helena, with 323 Acadians from Annapolis Royal.
30-Nov Bancroft Nov 30 by a Scooner from Boston we are informed of a great earthquake which was one elevenof Nov Tuesday 2 Decembr arived ine Bason 5 vessells withe remainder ofe first Batn
30-Nov Thomas Nov 30. Plesant A:m: I went to Fort Lawrance Returned P:m: went on Board the^ Brigg Cap*: Ilayze Bound to Pisquate.
30-Nov Delaney November 30, 1755 Arrival in Maryland of the last of the four ships transporting 900 Acadians, the Dolphin with 230 Acadians from Pigiguit. The Elizabeth, which had awaited in the port with 242 Acadians from Grand-Pré on board, entered the same day.
30-Nov Thomas Nov 31. [sic] Cold we Came to Sail this morning Came Down as Far as the Joging Came to Anker by Reason of theCurrant being So Rapid & Wind a Hed of us Sum SqualP of Snow.
1-Dec Thomas Dec 1. we Came to Sail P:m: wind S:w: Bound for Pisquate.
2-Dec Thomas Dec 2. Arived In menis Bason about 12 Clock very Cold Blustering Squally wather Sum Snow & very uncomfortable we Came to Anker.
2-Dec Delaney December 2, 1755 Five other transport ships arrive at Les Mines in order to deport the last Acadians.
3-Dec Thomas Dec 3. Cold we Came to Sail about 7 Clock A:m: Came up as F'ar as menis Doc*: whit worth Came in a whale Boat major Prible m"" Philip' Cap': Speakman & I went on Shoi'e at Grand Pree or menis we went up to Colonol winslows Camj).
4-Dec Thomas Dec 4. Plesant Day major Prible Cap*: Speakman & m'" Philips went to Pisquate In a vvhail Boat with Job Crooke'' Doc*: whitworth & I Took Ensign Fasset with Fiveteeu men all on Ilors Back & went to Pisquate by Land, which is about 12 miles from Grand Pree Forded Pisipuite River & Came to the Fort about 8 Clock In theEvening our Troops all Landed Near y'= Fort & mash to a vilege a mile from theFort.
3-Dec Thomas Dec 3rd Majr Preble Parson Philips Capt Thomas and Capt Speakman came to Grand Pre. I wasene officer ofe Guard I mustered my men and a nobre of others to joinem and uponose gentlemen enteringe forte Honour’dem wia Handsom volliee next Day sd Gentlemen together wiDoctr Whelwor& The Adjetant set out for Hallifax
4-Dec Delaney December 4, 1755 The 232 Acadian passengers of the Pembroke embark on a boat at Ile-aux- Chèvres, facing Annapolis Royal.
5-Dec Thomas Dec 5. very Plesant Day I Lodged at Fort P^dward Last Night Cap*: Cox Comanded thare our Troops Lodged att y'^ vilege Last Night major Prible marched about 2 Clock P:m: Leveing Cap* Lampson & Ca[)* Cobb Compa15 nys at Fort Edward \vc inarclied about 8 miles to a vilcgc Called the* 5 Ileuses wliare we aiived about 7 Clock In y'' Kveuiiig.
6-Dec Thomas Dec 6. we all Incamped att y'^' o Houses Last Night marched this morning about Sun Riseing marched M I)ay the Travilling very bud the Land Cheitly abounds witli Hemlock & them (Irow to a Great Ilaith the Land Tolirable Good we Passed Sura Large Fresh Rivers Snow" all Day we Incamped Near a Brook Called the" BulP Iled Camp the Snow is now Near Six Intches Deep.
7-Dec Thomas Dec 7. we marched about half after seven marched all Day the Land abound with Hurch & Ilendock the Soil very Good but very Stony we Incampe<l Not Far from a Large Fresh River Called y'^ 12 mile River it being about 12 miles from Fort Sacvile this River abounds with Salmon.
7-Dec Bancroft Dec 7 Ensign Cobb 172 wia party of 45 men to joyn us we being sum what sickly in our Camp N. B.is Day was a Bad snow storm
8-Dec Thomas Dec 8. Sum Rany we marched Eai'ly this morning Bad Traviling we marched over Large Boggs High Hill'* Rocky & uneven Ground but the Soyl apear^ to be Good itt abounds with Burch & Hemlock we Travil 12 miles & Come to a Small Fort Situated att the Hed of a Fine Large Bason Called llallefax Bason the Fort is Called Fort Sacvile it Contains Near an Acre of Ground it is Built with Pickquit* it is 4 Scpiared But one Canon & a Few Swivel Gun* No Blockhouse & In my opinion may be Easely Taken it is Generaly Garosoned with one Cap' one Subaltron & 50 men when we arived att this Fort it is almost Sun Set thare for we Conclud to Continue Here for the Night it is 10 miles from llallefax & the Traviling Excessive Bad.
8-Dec Delaney December 8, 1755 Deportation of 1,341 Acadians from Annapolis Royal. Departure of seven ships: The Pembroke, for North Carolina (232 Acadians aboard: 33 men, 37 women, 70 boys, 92 girls), the Edward, for Connecticut (278 Acadians aboard: 41 men, 42 women, 86 girls, 109 boys), the Elizabeth, for Connecticut (280 Acadians aboard: 42 men, 40 women, 95 boys, 103 girls), the Experiment, for New York (200 Acadians aboard: 40 men, 45 women, 56 boys, 59 girls), the Hopson, (342 Acadians on board: 42 men, 46 women, 120 boys, 134 girls), one schooner for South Carolina (one Acadian family aboard: 1 man, 1 woman, 4 boys, 3 girls) and one escort ship: the Baltimore.
8-Dec Delaney December 8, 1755 Winslow learns that 1,664 men, women and children of the region of Annapolis Royal have been deported. About 300 Acadians of the region, mostly those that lived upstream of the Annapolis River, escaped deportation by fleeing into the woods and after to the St. John River.
9-Dec Thomas Dec 9. Plesant Day we all Lodged att Fort Sacvil Last Night major Prible marcheil in y"^ morning with his Party for llallefax I Got a Pasage In a Boiit for llallefax & Came Down the Bason Landed at llallefax 3 Clock P:ra: it is 8 miles by watter from Fort Sacvil to llallefax this Basin abound with Cod Fish & macrill & as I am Informed thare is 70 Fatham of watter in many Parts of it & is So Large as to Contain the whole Bi-itish Navey & as Bntifull a Harbor as I Ever See: major Prible march into llallefax with his Party half after 3 P:m: whare thay had Sufficient Barrack Prepared for them.
9-Dec Bancroft Dec 9 instant Died our Majr Drumer Ye 10 we were a puting sum ofe last ofe french on board which we accomplished on Firday ye 19 instant ande same Daye transports sail’d one for Bostone other for Carolina we hear by a partyat came from Annapolisat Corpl Pollard of Capt Hobbses company haveing takenree french menay seeming to be onest men he did not bindem but asey war going to Annappolise Capt haveing but one man wihime french ran uponem Snatcht awayeir arms and one shot Pollard in his sholder anden madeeir escape.
10-Dec Thomas Dec 10. Sum Rany I Lodged att one Pritchet' a Publick House went to Dartmoth P:m: with Colonel winslow & major Prible Ensign Gay is Posted thare with 50 men Dartmoth is a town laying Opisite to Hallefax on y'' N:E: Side of the Harbour a mile & Half Distant from llallefa.
11-Dec Thomas Dec 11. Cold Day I Lodged att Dartmoth Last Night with Ensign Gay Came over to Hallefax 10 P:m: Dined at m"" Prout* & Spent the Even"- thare.
12-Dec Thomas Dec 12. Snow Last Night we Paraded 150 men who Took Beding & went over to Dartmoth under theCoraand of Cap' Speakman to Take up winte'' Quarters thare.
13-Dec Thomas Dec 13. Plesant Day I went over to Dartmoth In the^ Evening.
14-Dec Thomas Dec 14. Plesant Day I wrote to Chignicto by Cap' Homer who is Bound thare In theProvince Servis In a Schoone"^ with Stores.
15-Dec Thomas Dec 15. Plesant Day I went to Hallefax A:m: Cap': Bingham arived from Chignicto with Part of our Bagage Leiv' Job winslow &, Quarte' maister Ju'^ Briggc with him in s'' Schoone''.
16-Dec Thomas Dec 16. Sum Rany Cap' Roger' arived here from Chignicto with the Remainder of our Baggage.
13-Dec Delaney December 13, 1755 Deportation of the last Acadians of Les Mines, that is, the families of the villages des Antoine and des Landry, with a few other families from Rivière-aux-Canards. Departure of two ships: the Swallow, for Massachusetts (236 Acadians aboard) and the Dove, for Connecticut (114 Acadians aboard).
17-Dec Thomas Dec 17. Plesant Day I went to Yandue Bought 2G French Regimental Coats.
18-Dec Thomas Dec 18. Plesant Day went to Dartmoth a vesel arived from Boston with Lumbe"' Comauded by one Medcalf.
19-Dec Thomas Dec 19. Returihed to Hallefiix went to Vandue Bought 20 Pair of Freiicli Rigemental Briche' Came over to Dartmotblu Evening.
Thomas Dec 20. Plesant Day Nothing Remarkble.
Delaney December 20, 1755 Last group of 232 Acadians deported from Les Mines. Departure of two ships: the Racehorse, for Massachusetts (120 Acadians aboard) and the Ranger, for Virginia (112 Acadians aboard).
Dec 21st Nothing more remarkable but one 21 st instant Ensign Fasset set out for Hallifazx ye 22 Corpl Kenne 175 for Anapolis ye 24 Wm Hodge recd 10 Lashes for striking Sergt Walker Ye 26 one ofe regulars Recd 30 Lashes one of our troops 45 alsois Day Died a man in our campe 29 Capt Adams & Hobbs returned witheir Party from Annapolis nothing more Remarkableis month; Thus in Mines at our Camp at Grand Pree I ende year 1755.
Thomas Dec 21. Cloudy Sum Cold.
Thomas Dec 22. Snow wind S:E: 23. Cold wind N:w: • 24. very Cold wind N:w: 25. very Cold Christmass I went over to Hallefax Dined att Cap': Pickquet* very Slipery Small Snow on y'' Ground.
Delaney December 22, 1755 Arrival in Boston of the ship Swallow with 238 Acadians from Grand-Pré.
Thomas Dec 26. Sum moderate wather Colonol winslow Came over to Dartmoth to Revew the^ men PostetT thare I Came over to Dartmoth with him.
Delaney December 26, 1755 Arrival in Boston of the ship Racehorse, transporting 120 Acadians from Grand-Pré.
Delaney December 26, 1755 The Pennsylvania Gazette (5 February 1756) announces that a vessel (the Prosperous), carrying Acadians, that was supposedly lost and had to put in at North Caroline to refit, has landed at Yorktown.
Thomas Dec 27. Cold & Slipery Sum Rain in the Evening.
Thomas Dec 28. very Plesant Day m"^ Philip^ Preached In Clapum' windmill P:m: he Returned to Hallefax P:m: 29. . Cold Sum Showel•^ 30. Snow & Cold.
Thomas December 30, 1755 Departure of the Providence from Halifax with 50 Acadians from Mirliguèche, destined for North Carolina.
Thomas Dec 31. Plesant Day we have about 230 of our Troop^ here att Dartmoth this Ends the" thear 1755.
Bancroft January 1 st Day A D 1756 This morning I set out for Hallifax wia party of 0 177 men and coming to Pisquit Rivere tide be flood we ware forst to camp onis Side opposet to Forte Edward
Bancroft Jan 2 d night at a Village call’de five houses
Bancroft Jan 3 one woods
Bancroft Jan 4 at Forte Sackwell after a tedious Days march one of our men being froze. We stayed at sd forte
Bancroft Jan 5 Day and Jan 6 arived at Hallifax where I stayed tille 9 Day of April Dureing which time I remarke nothing seing little Els but Confusion.
Bancroft Jan 23 Instant Capts Adams Hobbs & Osgood arived hear withe whole ofere men excepting Lieut Bulkeley & 20 men which came sum time after. And nowe mens time being expiredey grew very uneasy & want to get home.
Bancroft Feb 9 1756 being favored wia wind our Battallion being on boarde Transports we sail’d from Hallifax undere convoy ofe Man a Wa[r] Sloop Vulter we put into Mallagash for fear of a Storme. The Day following where we Lay till Feb 14 andene whol[e] fleet intending to stop at Port La Ture we being b[e]calm’d anchor’dis evening In LaHave but came to sail before morning. Leavinge fleet we had a good  wind and on Feb 17ware in hope of ariving at Boston 18 but a storm arose and we ware cast on Autucket Shooles where we all expected to be Lost not knowing where we was but at Day Brake we found to our sorrowat we had Lost our way but ware forst to Go forward and it was very foggy but before night we got to Autucket to our Great joy we Lay wind Bound till Feb 25 anden set sail having got a good Pilot but we ware oblig’d to Put into Cape Cod where we ware wind tille 24en being favored wia good wind we arived at Boston our Desired porte having Lost 4 men on our Passage.
Here is the map the English drew up in 1749 to prepare for their assault against Beaubassin in April of 1750. It reflects how carefully they studied the ground and how they planned to make use of it (by replacing Acadians with their own people).
Originally the English had looked to establish their fort at the site of what is now known as Fort Beausejour.
This map must have been made sometime in the summer or fall of 1749 as the French began their construction on the site in 1748/9. Note, however, that the French Fort at Beausejour is recorded only as a small French settlement rather than as a fortress under construction. We should appreciate, however, that such a map would likely take some time to draw.
They English arrived first in April 1750, were repulsed, and returned in September.
They were, however, inaccurate in their siting of Beaubassin which they show as being (probably) 200 yards further north and east than was the case. (From archeology it seems that the original settlement was more aligned with the big bend in the Messagoueche River).
They also appear to have originally planned to site their fortress on the north side of the River on low lying ground. They may well have changed their site "on the fly" in September 1750 when they offloaded their men and suppliers south of the river.
I'm exciting about my touring "Tintamarre!" around sites of the 2014 Acadian World Congress. Events (between August 13th and 17th) include:
Librairie de l'Eglise - Edmundston, NB 114 Rue de L'Eglise - 506-736-6277
Tidewater Books - Sackville, NB
Cover to Cover Books - Moncton, NB
Email me or visit the Facebook sites to pre-order or reserve a signed copy...
Is this ever cool: http://lectioestvita.weebly.com/tintamarre1.html
Discussion Summary from our meeting on June 6, 2014
Able to be there were….. Patty, Tammy, Diane, Sue, and Jane
Because the book was based on historical accounts of the Acadiens our discussion skipped around a bit as we referred to the many characters introduced, the chronicle of the story, and combination of fiction and history described.
1. Do you think the author portrays the three major groups in the novel, fairly/objectively?
Generally we agreed that the British, the French and the Acadiens were represented objectively. It remained a challenge throughout the book to keep the many characters assigned to their respective group. Patty made a chart listing who was British, French etc. Diane continued to refer to the map of the area included in the book to follow the groups’ movements. She mentioned the brutality of the French. Jane reminded us of the brutality of the British. There was clearly a war going on, but a war quite different from others reported in books.
2. Are you disappointed or offended by the way in which any of the three groups are portrayed?
While shocked at some of the utter disregard for human lives, we were not really offended by author’s portrayal. Jane reminded us of how many political coverups there have been during past wars and the likelihood that they persist today. Patty mentioned being discouraged at how corrupt the priest was throughout the entire drama. Sue filled us in on more details of the continuing British-French exchange of rule. Jane and Diane remarked about Danes and how nasty he was to the Indians. Jane pointed out that Danks seemed to know this style of brutal fighting, including a complete void of rules in warfare. He performed the dirty work of the British.
3. What were you most surprised to learn in this story about the Acadiens?
Tammy commented on the scope of such an untold history. It made us wonder how many other stories like this we have never heard about and how many others may be happening in the world today. Sue reported that children in Canada were not taught about the Acadiens in school history lessons. She added that when the Acadiens were moved to the fort, they were really living in tents as prisoners.
4. Do you believe that stories of persecuted groups will continue to be published? What do these stories based on facts tell us about human nature?
We did agree that stories will continue to be published. Perhaps with technology, they can be told before groups are completely forced to leave their homes, and lives, so that others could try to step in and help. That’s Patty idealism talking!!! This story certainly illustrates that our human nature includes positive and negative will toward others. Consistent is the labeling of the persecuted group as somehow having less value than those wanting to impose their will. Tammy referred to “keeping the books” and the fact that the Acadiens couldn’t support themselves or pay taxes. Sue said they didn’t use money in their culture; no purpose to it.
5. The relationship between Mati and Aquila is so strong, secure, and interdependent. Do you think the author reports about this family accurately or in a more romanticized account?
All of us felt their relationship was portrayed as sappy. Sue reminded us that the author is a historian and that may be why his family characterizations were less than realistic or accurate. Diane mentioned how strongly Aquila’s boys took their responsibility to protect her. Aquila’s character did demonstrate strong survival instincts. She wanted someone to live in order to tell their story.
6. Father LeLoutre, the Miqmaqs and Cope act as a mixture of diverse groups. What set of beliefs or life circumstances encourage them to cooperate as one against the British?
All three acted independently. They formed a coalition in order to survive. Jane reminded us that our forefathers were so independent. That can be positive but can make cooperating more of a challenge when groups need to combine resources to achieve a common goal.
*Special thanks to Sue for filling in a lot of historical details about the Acadiens that helped clarify and enrich the story presented in the book this month!
I went to High School with an always smiling and cheerful young woman named Charmaine Savoie. She's from the Memramcook / Dorchester area, a place that figures prominently for the activity of the Acadian Resistance in Tintamarre. Four decades later, I discover that she is a brilliant artist. This beautiful piece reflects so much of the time of her ancestors. The diked river, the eternal winds blowing off the Bay of Fundy, the bright colours of homespun cloth and the demure hint of beauty in the young woman's face.
Charmaine has offered this remarkable capture of a time long past at a silent charity auction. I encourage visitors to support this initiative.
For more information on Charmaine and her work:
Using a 1940s infrared aerial photo, and excavating through several depressions, H.L. Cameron of Acadia University interpreted the rectangular features as Acadian cellar remains. Based on a brief examination of the artifacts in 1987, an archaeologist noted “it is highly possible that [Cameron] discovered Acadian sites” (LaVoie 2003:9). When former landowners filled the Acadian cellars in the mid-1940s, (Nadon 1968:17) Cameron’s map, whether accurate or not, became the only record of these features.
I'm reading my annual book by James Lee Burke: "The Glass Rainbow" which gets his character Dave Robicheaux in another heap of trouble as a result of his friendship with "Rob Ford" clone Clete Purcell.
His writing is so brilliant, I can only read one a year or I get depressed. He has more writing talent in a finger nail than I do in my body and I am unable to craft a single paragraph as well as he does 400 pages.
I decided to write Tintamarre because of Burke.
I was travelling from Toronto to Nova Scotia by car to visit my mother at Christmas and was driving because I had things to bring back. And on a talking book I listened to Will Patton take the voice of Robicheaux and not only place me in New Iberia, but me inside Dave's head. And I felt his pain. Never having been in the land of his ancestors, he still suffers from memories of them being forced to leave paradise.
His intense expression of what it feels like to have your soul emptied out generations before led me to walk out on the marshes onto the old dykes the Acadians had built centuries before. There I found a broken bowl left around 1700. And I started writing.
Burke doesn't describe Acadiana or New Orleans in the kindest light; Dave moves and works among the lowest lifeforms of humanity. But JLB tells his stories so dam well that you can taste his gumbo when he has lunch.
Note that the Church in his sketch does not resemble the Notre Dame Church in Quebec. I suspect it was of the same design as the Church of Notre Dame in the Beaubassin settlement, which (I think) was based on a different church in Quebec City.
An Excerpt from Col Winslow's Diary:
I have made out a Summary of this Unplesant Business upon which I,
Lieutenant-Colonel John winslow of the Army of Boston, was Detailed. I caused to be Burned the
following in the region round about the Basin of Minas:
I shipped one thousand five hundred and ten Inhabitants from Grand-Pré on certain Vessels to Strange Parts, where these French will needs find themselves Houses.
The Brig Hannah, Captain Adams in command, will take her way to Philadelphia.
The Industry and theLeopard, Goodwin and Church being their Masters, are on their Route to Mary Land. I have started the Prosperous, the Mary, and theSally and Molly to the region of Virginia...
I think I've done something that has never been done before. And for a change it's not something that's really stupid.
In 1750 Charles Lawrence made a British assault on the old settlement at Beaubassin on the southeast side of the Missaquash River. Prior to his arrival Abbe Le Loutre ordered the burning of the entire village and removal of the residents to the north side of the river.
A new settlement was established and a French Fort - Beausejour - was established to protect both the settlement and the new territory. The area - now called the Isthmus of Chignecto - is barely 8 miles wide and was a crucial place in the battle for North America - it was the ony way to get to Quebec from Europe in the winter.
To this point (at least to my knowledge) no attempt has been made at mapping the replacement settlement. I've taken a stab at it. I've used as a reference the sketches drawn by Lieutenant John Hamilton of the Regiment of 40th Foot of the British Army in 1755. (see below)
I've used the Fort and the relative land elevations to try and plot the houses and other buildings (including the church). He likely drew these sketches from the Fort Lawrence.
One deficiency of both his sketches and my map is that we can only draw and plot what we can see - so there may be other buildings that are not included. My map (and his sketches) include 29 buildings plus the church and fort. This would suggest a population of, say, over 100 people.
Comments are welcome.
Brian Lloyd French
I was born 3 miles from the scene of the action and played in the places where the principals in Tintamarre lived and died.